Photograph: José Pessoa
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Name of Object:
View of the Monastery and Riverbank in BelémDate of the object:
Also known as: View of the Beach and the Monastery in Belém
Filipe LoboType of object:
Painting, landscape (veduta)Holding Museum:
National Museum of Ancient ArtPeriod of activity:
1650–1675(c.)Museum Inventory Number:
1980 PintMaterial(s) / Technique(s):
Oil on canvasPlace of production:
H: 112.5 cm; w: 184.5 cmProvenance:
Collection of João da Costa de Sousa MacedoDescription:
This painting is an admirable veduta, showing two outstanding building projects undertaken during the reign of King D. Manuel I (r.1495–1521): the Belém Tower and the Jerónimos Monastery.Current Owner:
The veduta is in the mid-17th century genre style. The scene depicts the “da Bola” fountain in Lisbon, the meeting point for these picturesque figures.
The Monastery's surroundings have changed considerably: the riverbank was much closer to the monastery and the beachside palace was where nowadays the Cultural Centre of Belém stands. Visible on the horizon is the Tower of Belém.
The painting is historically significant, documenting the architectural changes to the monastery, such as the new façade of the monks' dormitory which had just been re-designed. Moreover, between the church and the dormitory, it is possible to see the now absent Kings' Room (Sala dos Reis). Contrarily, the cupola of the 1870s, still extant today, had not yet been built.
A member of the St. Lucas Brotherhood until 1675, Filipe Lobo was active in the first half of the century. The similarity between his work and the vedute of the Dutchman, Dirk Stoop (the Hague, Mauritshuis), is noted. Dirk Stoop was a court painter and lived in Portugal for several years (1659–1662). He accompanied the Portuguese Princess D. Catarina of Braganza on her voyage to England to marry Charles II.
Museu Nacional da Arte AntigaHow date and origin were established:
The painting is signed and dated “Philippus Lupus fecit MDCLVII”How object was obtained:
Donation of João da Costa de Sousa Macedo, 1952Selected bibliography:
TEIXEIRA, Garcês, F. A., A Irmandade de S. Lucas, Lisbon, 1931.Citation:
Moura, C., O Limiar do Barroco – História da Arte em Portugal, vol. 8, Lisbon, 1986.
Museu Nacional da Arte Antiga, Lisbon-Bonn, 1999.
Rouge et Noir, Trésors du Baroque, Paris, 2001.
José Alberto Seabra Carvalho "View of the Monastery and Riverbank in Belém" in Discover Baroque Art. Place: Museum With No Frontiers, 2013. http://www.discoverbaroqueart.org/database_item.php?id=object;BAR;pt;Mus11_A;12;en
Prepared by: José Alberto Seabra Carvalho
Translation by: Lili Cavalheiro, Cristina Correia
Translation copyedited by: Mandi Gomez
Copyright image: Divisão de Documentação Fotográfica/ Instituto dos Museus e da Conservação,I.P
MWNF Working Number: PT 15