Reformation and Counter-Reformation
Religious orders and their function in transmitting the language of the Counter-Reformation
It was within the Jesuit Order, as in the Theatine and other orders that the model of the Counter-Reformation Church was developed.
The Council of Trent saw the birth of numerous religious orders and movements interpreting the internal-reform requirements of the Catholic Church.
It was within the Jesuit Order, as in the Theatine and other orders that the model of the Counter-Reformation Church found inside and outside Europe was developed. Vignola’s Church of the Gesù in Rome, with its marked and wide longitudinal layout, would become an example of the perfect functional combination of structure and purpose in holy buildings, highlighting the distinction between the space dedicated to the devotion of the faithful and the space dedicated to the liturgy.
Sant'Andrea della Valle, Glory of the Virgin fresco

1625–1627
Rome, Italy
Giovanni Lanfranco
The Theatine Order, which was formed to re-establish the Church of the origins, sought to use the architecture of the building to improve on the model offered by the Church of the Gesù in Rome.