Together with the Virgin Mary, saints are the protectors against evil and intercessors with God at the Last Judgment.
Devotion and pilgrimage are focused on the cult of saints, who together with the Virgin Mary, are the protectors against evil and intercessors with God at the Last Judgment. People, cities, brotherhoods or professions had their own patrons, hence the custom of giving children several names, as it meant they had more patrons. To honour their patron saints, patrons would build churches and altars devoted to them, offer various gifts to them, and organise celebratory ceremonies in their name. In cities, processions, rather than pilgrimage, took place. The promotion of saints was among the chief tools of re-Catholicisation in rural areas.
Franciscan Church and Monastery of Our Lady of Trsat
17th and 18th Centuries
Rijeka, Trsat, Goransko-riječka County, Croatia
Painters: Giovanni Pietro de Pomis (active 1569, Lodi–1633, Graz), Serafin Schön (d. 1642), Cristoforo Tasca (1667–1737), workshop of Giovanni Pacassi (active c. 1700), Dionizije Hoffer (d. 1741), Ivo Schweiger (d. 1757)
The monastery on the hill at Rijeka, which dates back to the 13th century, was founded in veneration of the legend of the transportation of the Holy House of Loreto from the Holy Land to Trsat in Rijeka. According to the legend, angels brought the Holy House to the Franciscan church and dedicated it to the Virgin Mary.