Languages of Baroque
Models and ornaments; materials and techniques
The inventions of artists and architects were disseminated by means of drawings and/or models to even the most distant parts of the Catholic world where reproductive art prevailed.
The inventions of artists and architects were disseminated by means of drawings and/or models to even the most distant parts of the Catholic world where reproductive art prevailed. To match the demands of different commissioners, Baroque artists introduced new ornaments, techniques and materials and applied them to all kinds of objects including tables and chairs, cabinets, mirror frames and carriages. As an important element of style, ornamentation has a language of its own. It is this dialogue between applied art, furniture and architectural decoration that in the 17th-century develops into scrolling and vegetal ornaments, and which later were replaced by rocaille.
Model for the Equestrian Sculpture of King Louis XIV

c. 1669
Borghese Gallery
Rome, Italy
Gian Lorenzo Bernini
Terracotta
The terracotta was modelled by Bernini in Rome for an equestrian monument of Louis XIV, but the sculpture itself was executed by his pupils.